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Puerto Rico
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Puerto Rico

#7 ALBS, original German edition

Funagain Games does not stock this edition of this title [], but it may be available in another edition. Try: Puerto Rico: Anniversary Edition

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Product Awards:  

Ages Play Time Players
12+ 90-150 minutes 3-5

Designer(s): Andreas Seyfarth

Publisher(s): Alea

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Product Description

In 1493 Christopher Columbus discovered the eastern-most island of the Great Antilles. About 50 years later, Puerto Rico began to really blossom -- through you! Which roles will you play in this new world: Prospector? Governor? Settler? Trader? Whatever you do, you have one goal: to achieve the greatest prosperity and highest reputation! Who will have the most fruitful plantation? Who will build the most impressive buildings? And, who will earn the most victory points?

Difficulty: 7/10

Product Awards

Games Magazine Awards
Best Advanced Strategy Game, 2003
International Gamers Awards
Best Strategy Game (special award), 2003
Spiel des Jahres
Finalist, 2002
Deutscher Spiele Preis
1st place, 2002

Product Information


  • 5 player boards
  • 1 governor card
  • 8 role cards
  • 1 game board
  • 49 buildings
  • 54 doubloons
  • 58 plantations
  • 1 colonist ship
  • 100 colonists
  • 1 trading house
  • 50 trade goods
  • 5 trade ships
  • 50 victory point chips
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Product Reviews


Average Rating: 4.7 in 82 reviews

A decade of dominance
May 30, 2012

The end of 2011 will mark the tenth anniversary of Puerto Rico. Over the decade since it was first released, it has enjoyed a long reign of dominance for several years at the top of the rankings in many lists of modern board games. It still enjoys a strong following, and can rightly be considered a quintessential and highly influential euro that offers much enjoyment and replayability for gamers.

For the most part Puerto Rico has stood the test of time, and its gameplay holds up well even when measured by the standards of the latest and newest crops of games - many of which are indebted to it and influenced by it. If there is an aspect that could be improved, it's that the components could do with a visual makeover, particularly the building tiles. The plain text-only purple buildings are starting to look somewhat vintage and austere, and are just not up to snuff when compared with the artistic production values witnessed in the components of most newer euro games today. But despite this, it's a fantastic game and the gameplay is strong enough to compete with the best of today's games, and Puerto Rico can expect to enjoy continued success on the strength of its established reputation.

As such the current edition of the game is still worthy of heartily and fully positive recommendation. Despite its age - which is old by the standards of modern games - this classic retains its appeal for a new generation of gamers who might be coming across it for the first time today. Puerto Rico is still a strong seller, and there's good reason to expect its popularity to continue, despite the wide variety of new games appearing on the market. It has rightly earned a well deserved reputation as a quintessential pioneer among eurogames, and is still considered an essential staple of many gaming collections today. With the game now having celebrated its tenth anniversary, and still enjoying strong popularity despite heavy competition from newer crops of games, now is a good time as any to add it to your collection if you enjoy strategy board games. There's a good reason it's a modern and influential classic!

EndersGame, BGG reviewer

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
No other grade available: five stars!
December 12, 2010

The designers reached jack-spot when designing this game. It is truly a work of art, a fantastic experience.

Being simple, but not simplistic, its mechanics are something to wonder about. The fact that each player has a chance to play in the other player's turn is incredible, and also guarantees that you will not get bored.

Puerto Rico: highly acclaimed for the right reasons. It's indeed that good.

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
by Fonseca
A great game!
April 20, 2010

A great game! This a must have.

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
A great game
September 14, 2009

Puerto Rico is our group's favorite game to date. We have played perhaps 25 games of PR with roughly the same players, but the game seems to play differently each time. "Luck" is usually generated by player choices, so the player that can anticipate (or influence) the decisions of others has a big advantage. The only luck elements are determining the starting player and the plantation tiles that are available for selection or blind draw. The effect of the plantation draws is subtle enough that no one feels the outcome is predetermined based on them.

If I could make one change to the game, it would be to de-emphasize the importance of the large purple buildings. It is hard to win a game without one.

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
Tell non-gamers ..Try it you'll like it!!
December 28, 2005
My sister's not at *all* a game's like pulling teeth to get her to play anything.. same goes for my bro-in-law .. we played Puerto Rico with both of them and their 9 yo (very smart) son.. they all *loved it*!

My sister couldn't stop talking about what a great game it is..and how maybe she was just playing the wrong games all this time. She couldn't wait to play it again. We all had a great time.. I think it's helped to turn 3 non-gamers into game fans.

Yes there are a lot of rules.. but if you take the time to know how to play before you spring it on someone new..and if you spend the first round playing and explaining at the same time.. rather than just reading the rules to them.. I'd bet most people would pick it up pretty quickly.

If you're already a game player.. shame on you for not owning this already.. if you're new to gaming.. pick it up before you buy anything else.. and if you're not a game player (yet) .. try this one.. it's the best of the best.

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
One of the best games
August 16, 2005

Really smart game, with so many options for strategies. However, the game tends to end in a somewhat frustrating manner, with most players not able to reap the benefits of their hardly-pursued strategies.

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
Wow! Heavy stuff.
May 03, 2005
I can see why people really love this game. There are so many interesting things going on. At the same time, it was a little overwhelming all three times I played it. I am just now starting to get a grasp of what I should be doing which is a little bit too steep of a learning curve for me. I play games to have fun and this one was not so fun the first and second time I played it, but getting better with each try. I have a feeling that after 5 or 6 (2-3 hour games) tries, it will grow to be one of my favorite games. For now, it is a solid 4 stars.
Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
Kind of overwhelming
April 18, 2005
I think this game looks like fun if you have enough time to get through all the roles, and information. Not a casual, sit down and play type game, but more of a dedicated amount of time. It was fun once we got into it, but seems a bit complex.
Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
A very enjoyable experience
April 02, 2005

If you think Settlers of Catan is a great game, then try Puerto Rico and Settlers will become just a decent game. Puerto Rico does so many things so good that is very difficult to beat; in fact it might possibly be the best modern game around in terms of many factors. Here are some great things about PR:

  1. Everyone is playing at the same time during the game: due to the role mechanism used in Puerto Rico (although not pioneered by it, see Citadels, for example), every player is at all times taking actions and making desitions. Compare this to, say Risk, or even Settlers of Catan.
  2. There is not a clear strategy to victory: which makes the game very unpredictable until the end, nobody knowing exactly who is going to win.
  3. There is almost no direct conflicts among players, which makes it suitable for many gamers and non-gamers.
  4. There is always a sense of progressing: maybe that's the joy of Puerto Rico: because very frequently no matter what a player decides to do, it benefits the other players, so there is a feeling of advancing, almost all time (again, compare this to Risk, or even Settlers, when the die is rolled and you don't benefit at all)
  5. It doesn't cause a lot of stress to play (some people say that, for example Tigris & Euphrates, although a very well designed game, causes a lot of tension ans stress). Of course this depends on the nature of the player. Of course this can be seen as a weak point in Puerto Rico. But let me tell you, during the game there are many emotional moments when someone played (or did not play) the role you were expecting. And of course the end is very exciting also.

Of course Puerto Rico also has some cons, especially the setup time. But who cares? It is worth every minute!

But the best thing for yoy to do is to buy the game and see for yourself. It is really fun. Highly, Highly recommended.

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
Puerto Rico snares yet another devoted fan
April 01, 2005

Prior to trying my hand at this game, I had been a devoted Settlers of Catan player -- which I still am. When I read all the enthusiastic reviews of this game, I simply HAD to give it a try -- to see for myself if it was really THAT good.

I went and bought the game, read the instructions (which weren't as complicated as I thought they would be), and invited a couple of my friends over to play it. At first I was worried that they would dislike it because of the complexity (in comparison to most games we've played) of the rules. We ended up LOVING it! I certainly don't see myself as any sort of expert at this game, but I can say that after a few games, we are learning new strategies and we're finding that we don't have to refer to the rules very often.

This game, along with Settlers, has turned me into a bona fide gamer and I'm hungry for more! I think this game is definitely worth all the hype, but I think it is more likely to be enjoyed and fully appreciated by dedicated gamers who love deep thinking and strategizing.

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
Still a favorite
January 10, 2005

This was the first euro game I ever played and it is still one of my favorites. I remember it taking a few games to get in the swing of things, but it has captivated me ever since. Luckily you can play the game on-line if you want to catch up to the level of those around you.

Hint to beginners; Corn is the best plantation by a long shot. Take Doubloons early in the game whenever you can. Two doubloons is pretty amazing on top of the special ability and three is ridicules (meaning, there are some bad players at the table). The Warf is the bomb with corn. The small market and the factory are almost always the bomb. Don't take the commodity of the player to your left. Never (well almost never) take more than two quarries.

You're ready for the best gaming experience you'll have for several years!

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
I'm telling all of my friends about it
December 23, 2004
I've played drawn-out board games since I was young and I've never had the attention span to follow through with whole games. I'm still the same way, but playing Puerto Rico is different. I've become a huge fan of this game and I'm telling all of my friends about it. I would recommend this game to anyone who has a love of strategy.
Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
Very Heavy but Worth it!
December 05, 2004
It took me 3 games before I started figuring out what kinds of strategies made any sense. Now that I have played it 5 times, it is starting to become my new favorite game. If you don't like heavy 2+ hour games, then forget this one. If you do, this one is very beautiful, intricate, and interesting to play.
Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
A game better than Settlers?
July 27, 2004

There have been enough explanations given on this game so I will give a basic pros and cons.

Pros. This game is my family's new most played game (replacing Cities and Knights of Catan) and we still are not getting tired of it. There is wonderful depth of strategy in this game and it works well with 2-5 players (the 2 player rules can be found on the Boardgame Geek website). This game is fun. Wonderfully fun.

Cons. 1. The components come in pre-punched cardboard and many of my cardboard sheets were not punched all the way through making my pieces less than perfect even with the great care I took to take them out (a minor annoyance). 2. There is little real player interaction other than how your choices effect others. 3. The biggest con however is the power of the Wharf. If this building is purchased early in the game that player can almost be guaranteed victory. If one player purchases both of them you might as well end the game right there. This can get discouraging for other players especially if you are playing the 2 player variant which only has one of each of the violet buildings.

So why still 5 star? I haven't played a better game yet. With minor rule variations the game works really well and there is always fun to be had.

A must have game.

Note: this review refers to a different release of this product.
My all time favourite, even after 100 games of it
April 21, 2004

A great gamers game that requires some thought each time you move, without becoming too bogged down by analysis paralysis. So many options every time you play, just when you think you have the best strategy all worked out, someone else will show you why it doesn't work..! About the only criticism I have is that there are a couple of buildings in the game that really aren't worth using; replacing them or reducing their prices would add a few more possibilities.

by Rocco
A real gamer's game
March 02, 2004

The game is well balanced as local trading and/or shipping may be compromised. Many ways to win even without the harbor. Unlike most games, you are not able to plan more than 2-3 turns ahead making it very challenging at times. Avoid the university unless you are in a 5 player game (or even 4). One great feature is that it only takes about 2 games to get the concept, and another 2 to observe and develop basic strategies. Our normal game times are 45 min for a 3 player, 60-70 min for a 4 player, and about 80-90 min for a 5 player game.

by Dean
Best Game Ever....
February 17, 2004

There is so many roles to choose from but which will benefit yourself most and hurt the rest. So many strategies but not one is a sure-win formula. All this elements are found in Puerto Rico. There has been so many reviews written about this game, I don't think I need to elaborate further. Try the game once, and you will understand what I mean. It is simply addictive and fun.

by Tom
Puerto Rico takes gaming to a new level!
January 14, 2004

I have been aware of PR for some time but had been reluctant to buy it because the description and theme just didnt appeal to me for some reason. Finally, after reading all of the praise, I decided to pick up a copy. Little did I know it would soon become the favorite in my game collection. This game is like no other game Ive ever played. It is truly in a class by itself.

Beware though, when you open it up for the first time, do not expect to be playing within 10 minutes. There are a lot of rules (although they are well written) to absorb and that combined with the 200 or so pieces can make you question whether this game will be worth the time commitment necessary to learn it. Let me assure you that it is well worth it.

It usually takes a new player at least 1 full game to even begin to grasp how this game works. And I would say it takes 2 to 3 games before you become familiar with the functions of all the buildings and the advantages each one offers. It wasnt until our 4th or 5th game that I finally made it through an entire game without having to consult the rulebook at least once to settle a dispute over the exact function of a building in a given circumstance.

Once you get past the learning curve, though, this game becomes extremely addictive and competitive. And there is very little down time between turns because when someone performs an action on his turn, everyone else gets to perform that same action on that same turn. It is a very clever system in which you try to take a role (perform an action) that benefits you more than it will benefit your opponents.

I wont go into all the details because so many other reviewers already have, but I do want to emphasize how subtle the strategies are. In this game you dont have monumental turns. You take baby steps to victory and you slowly outscore your opponents without them even realizing it until the end (because you keep your victory point chips hidden). In the last game I played, I thought I was doing fairly well, only to find myself in last place at the end of the game. This kind of thing is common because a strategy that won you the last game can lose you this game because your opponents have changed their game plans, which completely affects yours. That is the beauty of this game.

I introduced this game to a group of friends and family and it was so well received that we now meet weekly for PR night. Ive played about 10 times now and dont see myself getting bored with it any time soon. Puerto Rico is Game of the Year in my book. Maybe even Game of the Decade. Highly recommended.

Easily, the best game I've ever played.
December 09, 2003

This game is so well rounded and balanced that I can't imagine anyone not liking it. I've introduced this game to four different families. All who have tried it have reacted with such enthusiasm that it gets me worked up just thinking about the game. If I could change one thing regarding this game, it would be the frequency with which I'm able to play it. I've never played a game that left you so hungry for more. My wife is not one to play games for the fun of playing. Typically she'll play along in family games just because everyone else is playing. This game, however, has lit a passionate fire in her. I took this game to my in-laws to give them a chance to play. They are not gamers as all, and unfortunately due to our time constraint that day, we were unable to finish it. But two weeks later, my brother-in-law confessed to me that for three days after we left town, he kept pouring over the seemingly endless possibilities in his head--we had played only a few rounds. I laughed. The game may seem a little daunting at first with all the many pieces, but before you've played even one game through, you'll be infected. It truly is a wonderful game. So many options in the few games...

by Jesse
Great Game for Gamers - ONLY!
October 13, 2003

I was excited when introducing this new game to friend's and family. But they found the rules tedious and difficult to follow. It seemed best to just go through the game and learn as we go.


1) Game strategy is constantly changing with every turn. You cannot decide at the beginning of the game how you will go about winning. You must constantly adapt to the situations at hand.

2) A true test of wits when played against real gamers.


1) Apparently a difficult learning curve for most individuals.

2) Only play this game with true gamers with high attention spans.

3) People don't like playing this game right after its finished. We usually move on to Settlers of Catan.

It makes me sad that I can't give this game 5 stars. I wish it was a bit more enjoyable. Maybe if everyone's spirits were up then it would be more fun. But if you're a true gamer, and you have at least 2 other people willing to play, you should give this one a try

Puerto Rico: more addictive than crack
September 18, 2003

i would basically like to comment on the handful of reviews that bashed this game, and respond to their criticisms.

first of all, yes it's true - pr is not a casual game - it is a deep german board game like princes of florence or tigris & euphrates. however, it only takes half an hour to play (among experienced players) and does not require tedious analysis or good memory to play sucessfully.

although pr is more tactical than princes of florence, there is a great deal of strategy required for winning consistently. people who feel like in pr they are completely reacting to other player's moves and never make any decisions that aren't virtually forced are simply weak players who haven't figured out that establishing a solid source of income in the early game which will be converted into buildings in the mid-game which will payoff by giving points in the late game is the foundation of any successful strategy, and trust me now that the new buildings are out there are many many different ways to win at pr.

if people find the game dry or boring i can't say that they're outright wrong cause that's their personal opinion, but one thing that's for certain is that in PR there is virtually no down-time, which is something that can't be said about the grand majority of games out there.

this is basically what it comes down to: if you like games that offer thrilling suspense and where your position is largely outside of your control then PR is not the game for you. if you like taking control of resources and having a variety of tools with which to harvest them into victory, then this game is perfect for you. to draw a metaphor with settlers, which seems to be a popular game here: if you like the resource management and construction aspect of settlers, then youll love pr. if you feel that the excitement that comes with the randomness of the dice and the social aspect of the robber are much more of the highlights of the game, its likely that you won't like pr. if you like a variety of successful stategies and high replayability value (which to me are the main standards that any boardgame should be measured by) then pr is the game for you.

great family game, decent for hard-core too
September 03, 2003

I just need to counterpoint my predecessor here. All the gamers I've played this with have loved it. No accounting for taste of course, but it's a pretty easy game as far as rules go. Figuring out how to win is trickier because everything your oppenents are doing will impact you--but that's the fun of this gem.

Also, 1 star?! I can't imagine any justification for giving this game anything less than 3 stars--and even that would be a bit outrageous.

A truly great game, but not for all tastes
September 03, 2003

If one looks over the many, many reviews here for Puerto Rico, one is struch by the difference of opinion regarding it. On the one hand are the strategy gamers, those that see it as a remarkable blend of systems that mesh together into a superior gaming experience. On the other are the casual gamers who see it a fiddly pile of exceptions to exceptions, a mishmash of separate pieces to at do not build cohesively.

Who is right? Well, that would depend on which of the two camps you call home. Personally, I am a member of the former camp. I prefer deep strategy games that require careful planning. I may not be any good at it, but I prefer games that reward thinking rather than reaction.

The casual gamer should steer clear of this island, however. This game is the antithesis of the casual gaming experience. It is strategic rather than the tactical of most casual games. Long term planning is rewarded in Puerto Rico, and short-sighted players will find themselves both lost, losing, and confused.

If I enjoy the game so much, then why only four stars? Simply because a five star game should be one that affords a more universal experience, one that can appeal to gamers and non-gamers alike, and bcause few games truly deserve the highest ranking. Three stars should be the onsidered standard, four should be a superior game, and five should be that rare jewel that belongs in every gamer's collection. At the other end of the scale, two stars should be a game that falls short of the mark, but still might be worthy of occasional play, and one star should be reserved for thise pieces of gaming excreta that should never have seen the light of day. In rebuttal to the former review, Puerto Rico is NOT that excreta. but a truly exceptional gaming experience.

I would like to take a moment to comment on the reviewing process. I wrote this review in response to the one just prior to it, in which PR was labbelled as 'lame.' Puerto Rico is anything but lame, but I can see how the reviewer would not like it, as well. I think that it was just a case of a poor match between gamer and game. In that, I don't think the fault was with the game, which had no choice in the matter, but with the gamer, who had unrealistic expectation of what the game would be. With the Internet, it is now almost absurdly easy to read up on a game and get an idea of what a game is like before sitting down to play it, so there is little excuse for being mismatched with a game like this. True, one can find oneself at a home or game store and an unknown game hits the table, but the person providing the game should have done a bit of research and tried to gear the game choice to the intended audience.

I have taken in upon myself to try to be the Roger Ebert of the boardgame world. I may not like a game, but I try to analyze why I did not enjoy it, and try to imagine who the intended audience might be for that game. I suggest other reviewers try to take a more egalitarian approach as well.

this game is lame
August 31, 2003

I'm sorry. I cant be bothered learning the strategy behind 15 some odd functions and their optimum interaction with each other and the 8 other turn actions. It's just too difficult and there is too much thinking. It's unfortunate my gaming friends tarting playing this completely unfun game. In other words: HATED IT.

by Joe
The ultimate game
August 11, 2003

This game is meant for everyone from friends sittin' around bored to the most serious gamers. While it takes only a minute to learn, this will take a lifetime to master. Along with Union Pacific and Settlers of Catan (and all the expansion packs) this is among the elite of all games. Seriously consider adding it to your library!

by Jon B
Great Game in Great Series
July 24, 2003

This game is even easier to play than its cousin, Princes of Florence. When we get together at our favorite spot in Shawnee, Kansas--Tabletop games, I see a table cramed with Alea product. I'm an addict myself Taj Mahal, Princes, Puerto Rico and I'm def'n buying Mammoth Hunters. Last night we played a 3hr. games of Traders of Genoa.

But it is the best of the series by far. And a Free expansion? unheard of stateside. Kudos.

by Mark H
Intricate and Involved Game Well Worth Playing
July 09, 2003

I wanted to put my two cents in about this game. I have owned Puerto Rico for some time but only recently got a chance to play it and was I ever wowed. This game was fun for everyone who played, even those who don't tend to be very competetive. For some, it was a sandbox in which they got to interract with others and build a colony they could be proud of. For the others, it was much more cut throat. The funny thing? The ones who played it 'sandbox style' won the game. Anyway, I highly reccomend this game to anyone with one caveate. For those of you hoping to buy a game you can take out of the box and play right away you might be dissapointed. The rules are intricate (though not complicated) and the game play requires a solid understanding of how the rules work. Be patient, learn the rules, and believe me, it'll pay off.

No hurry to buy PR. It will be around for an long time.
June 26, 2003

Puerto Rico is destined to be a classic, it is simply a fun game. I enjoyed it the first time I played it and it seems to get better each time. No one sits, doing nothing, waiting for their turn to come around. Everyone plays on every turn (mostly).

Puerto Rico has depth and a single winning strategy seems elusive. It is the right length for what it offers, coming in at about 90 minutes. Expansions are available for free on this website and casual or non-gamers can get the hang of it easily enough.

DO BE CAREFUL how you introduce Puerto Rico to non-gamers, the mechanics of the game are unique enough that their eyes may glaze over if you explain it thoroughly. The best way to introduce non-gamers to the game is to let them watch a few rounds prior to playing.

Buy this game if you enjoy board games at all.

Good, not great
June 26, 2003

This game is very enjoyable but sometimes I feel that luck or fate or sheer reactivity from other players takes centre stage rather than the focus being on strategy and calculated planning. Thius means that your turn is a series of decisions based on other people's options rather than an overall strategy. Also can be a tad fiddly. Highly recommended, but I prefer El Grande for pure startegic action.

Deep, Complex Game of Strategy
June 23, 2003

Initally the game is intimidating to set up. Seemingly hundreds of pieces, lots of piles and tile placement.

Then you begin to play and have FUN!

I had the benefit of learning the game with people who owned the game before me. Nonetheless the general mechanic was easy to pick up and the flow of the game picked up immediately. Each round the players assume a different role in the development of the Island of Puerto Rico. Each role has advantages in different rounds. The roles change with each round of play. The tactics shift and change depending on what roles one's opponents choose, the resources available and the developments one has been pursuing on their island. There are multiple strategies one can employ and the tactics used in each game change whether or not you play with the same group of players. One of my favorite purchases.

Conclusion- Deep, strategy game in which you attempt to build your version of the the island of Puerto Rico. Tons of replay potential. Intitial complexity pays off in strategic options available. Set-up gets easier with each play. I highly recommed this game!

by Mark
A Review for Non-Gamers or Casual Gamers
June 18, 2003

Puerto Rico is an 'Advanced Strategy' Game. As such, the 5-star ratings are in most instances coming from advanced gamers, who have regular gaming nights and enjoy an hour of brain-draining strategy and tactics. Good on them! The game is certainly 'perfect' for them.

However, there are many non-gamers and casual gamers out there so I've decided to give them an alternative viewpoint to this 'perfect' game.

Firstly, with essentially no luck or random elements in the game, the game isn't fun (probably as much fun as passing a Law exam). If you play games to relax and enjoy with friends, then I suggest you steer away, there are better games out there that will satisfy this criterion! (You will probably find that most people who own Puerto Rico also own and love Settlers, to make up for the fun they miss out on when playing the 'perfect' Puerto Rico). In fact, the game theme, appearance and game play is quite dry and boring. If you are a casual gamer, Puerto Rico is not one you are likely to bring out of the closet and introduce to friends in preference to games such as Carcassone, Settlers etc etc. But if you have pesky neighbours, playing a game of Puerto Rico with them should be enough to send them packing.

Secondly, there is no real interaction - players are really only doing their own thing and the only interaction (I should re-term this as 'consideration of the effect on others') is in the choosing of what role to play (not that you even have to communicate during that process), or when people are complaining about how difficult it is to set up the game. If you like to interact/trade/bluff/bargain with other players then Puerto Rico is not going to satisfy your social needs.

In spite of what I said above, I appreciate that people playing Puerto Rico aren't really doing their own thing, and are influenced by the choices of others. That is OK if you want your options in the game dictated by your opposition. You have one turn per round to choose the role by which time the 'choice' of role is usually obvious and/or severely restricted. Puerto Rico is essentially everybody playing everyone else's game for them as well as their own. If this sounds too much for you, and/or you'd rather have plenty of options and complete control over your game, then steer away from Puerto Rico.

I hope this review gives non-gamers and casual gamers who might be 'sold' by all the claims of 'perfect'and '5 stars' something to think about before they fork out their hard earned cash.

Just a matter of 'horses for courses'.

Little Too Much Hype Here, Very Good, But a Gamer's Game!
June 12, 2003

I remember when I first played the great game of Modern Art. I thought it was the best thing since those upside-down easy pour ketchup bottles. I soon realized that it was hard to find others to play it, and that the downfall of the game is it's subtle complexity and the very thing that makes it so good, nailbiting hard decisions. Hard core gamers will be in love with this. Others may find it a bit to taxing on the gray cells.

Don't get me wrong, I love the game. But, the German invasion of well made family fare that combine skill and luck with simple rules have made me look at games like this in a different light. I loved the SPI classic Empire of the Middle ages and Avalon Hill's Third Reich, but the truth is I haven't played them in years. Modern Art sits on my shelf rarely played, and I wonder how much playtime I will get with this one.

a new unquestionable best game after settler
May 31, 2003

this game is perfect (in my opinion). cool theme-similation. nice mechanics. little, limited but significant randoming factors. some player interactions (well, it's still cool to talk somebody to take the role you want them to take). deep, multi-level and diversed strategy. perfect lenght. play with different players or different number of players (3, 4 or 5) and you will have a completely new game, new situation and new chanlenge to deal with.

finally if i really have to pick something out, it's kinda a hell to set the game up. but i would still want to give it a 6-star if i can!

Truly one of the best
May 15, 2003

If you love strategy you will love this game and you have several choices on how to gain victory points. Shipping and/or building is usually a must... It takes 1-2 games to really get your head around this game, but once you do, you will see everyone around you building up their little territory in Puerto Rico. I think the best choice of a predecessor to this game is Princes of Florence. Beware, Puerto Rico is highly addictive!

Not going ashore
March 22, 2003

Puerto Rico is a great place to work. Bermuda is fun. Fun or work? You be the judge. Me, I'd rather play Wildlife. More FUN with a capital F, more choices with a capital C. Puerto Rico forces you into one strategy. Wildlife makes you think on your feet...All the time.

a game with NO flaws
March 20, 2003

PR is by far the most involving game that I have ever played. the last game that my group played was nail-bitingly close until the very end. 5 points (5!) divided the first through fourth (me!) place finisher. This game is as close to perfection as has ever been made. For those rating this game lower because of alleged 'lack of support' from Rio Grande Games does a disservice to the excellence of this game. Rate the game for what the GAME is worth, not the company. BTW, Rio Grande Games is a company that sells, alot of spare parts for ALOT of their games (just check their website). It's a shame that parts get lost, but lost parts are not their fault. Game on!

Excellent Game with One Flaw
March 16, 2003

Puerto Rico has become a game night favorite so much so that we now typically have two games of it going on simultaneously. The lack of a clear route to victory, most aspects of chance eliminated, and a thorough set of rules has made this a solid substitute to the typical conquest oriented war games that we've played. What then is my dissatisfaction? Well, recently, I lost 2 5 point victory chips and contacted the company for support to get some replacement pieces only to find that it's Rio Grande's policy to not sell replacement parts. They have barely enough to sell me my two missing chips for a buck, but from my discussion if I ever lose an indigo I'm screwed. Being the perfectionist gamer that likes having all of his pieces this infuriates me. My attempt at reasoning with Rio Grande was responded to with a take it or leave it attitude. So much for support...

Crown Jewel of All Boardgames
March 12, 2003

Puerto Rico is the best game out there, at least that I know of. Why? Every game is different. There are a huge number of strategies, any of which can win depending on conditions in the particular game. Everyone I have introduced it to adores it and these people range from my mother who just likes to have a good time playing, to gamer types who like to drain their brains trying to win. The antagonists of this game claim that what is wrong with it is that there is no winning strategy. I say that is what makes Puerto Rico the crown jewel of boardgames. I say, if you can find a strategy that wins every time, the game has reached the end of its life, and that this will never happen to Puerto Rico. It is too well designed.

One of the best games ever!
March 04, 2003

Puerto Rico is a true gem of a strategy game. It gets constant replayings in our group, and each game is different.

I disagree with an earlier post here, and let me explain why.

Claim: There is no strategy, only reaction to what everyone else does.

There is plenty of strategy in Puerto Rico. If a player merely reacts to what others are doing, he can't possibly win. Better players will study opponents' holdings and anticipate what they may select in the next round; then, determine the player's own requirements and, according to one's strategy, manuever through the anticipated moves --- and stay ready to alter course if an opponent makes a particularly strong move.

Claim: There is no planning, only the search for what will help you the most on that particular turn, and not help everyone else in the process.

I repeat my previous comment about anticipation. The better players think 2-3 turns ahead, keeping a keen I on the number of colonists and VPs remaining in the pool.

Planning is critical to this game. A player must have a strategy in mind, and then plan out which products he will concentrate on, and which combination of buildings will optimize his earnings and VPs. This is critical when it comes to deciding on what to buy, because you've got to have enough doubloons to afford it.

Planning the end game is very important.

Claim: . . . with the almost complete elimination of luck it gives the illusion of a heightened strategic element when no strategy is possible. You can only react to what the other players do, what you receive from their actions, and then adjust your needs accordingly. There is no opportunity to be proactive, only reactive.

The competitive players are pro-active; the weak players react to their moves. A player has a chance to be proactive every turn, if he plans properly.

Claim: I don't really agree with the replayability factor. The beginning of each game is fairly predictable. For the first 5 rounds, the governor picks the mayor at the start of the round. For the last 5 rounds, the governor usually picks the captain. Given that an average game lasts 15 rounds, that leaves only 5 rounds in the middle, where there actually are a few surprises in the turn order.

I've never seen a game of Puerto Rico that follows this pattern. It's indicative of players with little or not strategic imagination, or a weak grasp of the rules.

Puerto Rico is a terrifically competitive and tense multi-player strategy game that ranks up with the best of all time. The recently released 'expansion' buildings have made it even richer.

Really good game, but not great...
March 02, 2003

There's nothing revolutionary about this game. No new game mechanisms, no new art styles, no new game component pieces to marvel at. There is no strategy, only reaction to what everyone else does. There is no planning, only the search for what will help you the most on that particular turn, and not help everyone else in the process.

So why all the attention and rave reviews?

Because hidden behind the bland framework of a Settlers rip-off, is a clever mesh of game components previously seen in many other games. The choice based turn style has been seen is other games (Citadles and El Grande), and with the almost complete elimination of luck it gives the illusion of a heightened strategic element when no strategy is possible. You can only react to what the other players do, what you receive from their actions, and then adjust your needs accordingly. There is no opportunity to be proactive, only reactive.

I give it 4 stars because of it's cleverness, and because of it's sturdy game components. I don't really agree with the replayability factor. The beginning of each game is fairly predictable. For the first 5 rounds, the governor picks the mayor at the start of the round. For the last 5 rounds, the governor usually picks the captain. Given that an average game lasts 15 rounds, that leaves only 5 rounds in the middle, where there actually are a few surprises in the turn order.

Award Winner!
January 30, 2003

Puerto Rico is no doubt one of the best games I have ever played. The reaction after my first game was: 'I've got to play this again'. Now after my 20th playing, the feeling is as strong as ever. If its First Place finish in the 2002 Deutscher Spiel Pries (German Game of the Year Award), and award for Games Magazine Best Advanced Strategy Game 2003 is any indication, it may become the standard by which future strategy games are judged.

Its appeal stems from two brilliant qualities: First, the game seems to defy the application of a consistantly winning strategy; formula approaches dont work. This is what lends the game such a high re-playability factor. In fact, your only real strategy is to be flexible because the game's player driven mechanism makes it that way. Secondly, there is the agony of decision making that confronts you because of the fluid, ever-changing situation. Multiple choices, multiple paths to victory, each one never a sure thing. How do you decide which path to follow ? Can you jump strategy in mid-stream ? Is it too late to alter course? Most importantly of all, what are my neighbors doing? Real challenging stuff here.

A bit about game-play: Each player is essentially a plantation owner in old-world Puerto Rico. He must decide which crops to plant, which refineries to build, and how much labor to allocate. The goal is to acquire victory points by shipping goods to Europe and by constructing new buildings in town. Money is just a tool; it is victory points that count in the end. In order to do this, players must decide upon a planting and shipping strategy based upon the circumstances that the game offers to them. Sometimes growing cash crops is the way to go; sometimes growing plain-old corn and shipping like crazy is the way; sometimes you've got to do both; and sometimes the best thing is to just copy your opponents. Bottom line: be flexible.

The game is driven through a role-choosing mechanism like the kind seen in 'Citadels'. This is a very clever and appealing device which makes for some tricky and sometimes nasty game-play. Just when you're trying to setup a play, someone comes along and chooses the role you were hoping for. There go your plans! In essence, the choosing of roles provides ample opportunities to either benefit or damage the prospects of your opponents. Many times have I blundered by unknowingly assisting my opponents with the roles I've chosen. Conversely, opportunities exist to play the 'spoiler' by picking roles your neighbors arent prepared for. For example, selecting the Captain when another player cant ship, or store all his goods. Another 'spoiling' move is to stuff the trading house to prevent other players from selling their goods. In sum, one must watch the workings of his or her neighbors in order to exploit them.

Best of all, like most great games, Puerto Rico is a contest of skill and chance plays a small role. There are no dice; each player determines his own destiny, as well as the destiny of others. The choices that each player makes ultimately determines how he will fare when it comes time to tally up victory points. You are given the choices; it is up to you to make the most from them. For players who enjoy a challenging, highly replayable game that offers many ways to win, Puerto Rico is the way to go.

by Jaime
Best board game I've ever played!
January 24, 2003

Best thing about this game is that the luck factor is almost completely eliminated from this game. You roll the dice once to see who goes first. From then on it's pure stategy. Our gaming group meets every Friday and Puerto Rico has been on the agenda ever since we were introduced to it.

by Aiden
So Much Strategy!
January 15, 2003

If you like Settlers of Catan and you want to try something new then this is the game. Puerto Rico has it all! Playing at first may seem daunting but after a couple of runs at the game the principles are pretty simple.What I really like about Puerto Rico is there is really no luck factor. You have to be aware of what your opponents are doing and then determine your own strategy. There are so many different ways to win. I can't wait to share this game with others. Happy Gaming!

It was great!
January 07, 2003

I enjoyed playing it with a friend so much that now I want to buy it for myself. It was a lot of fun. I thought it was more of a thinking game than others that I've played, but I enjoyed it a lot. It was challenging but I enjoy challenges.

A winner that lives up the hype. Forget Settlers, this is it
January 01, 2003

This game lives up the hype. It is a great game and this, coming from a very critical and avid game player -- me. My friends and I can't wait to play Puerto Rico again and again and this says a lot since we love to play games but are highly critical of the games we play. Puerto Rico's rules seem confusing and lengthy in the beginning, but once you play its actually very easy. The choices you can make, the multiple ways to win, and the sheer strategy make the game enjoyable. This is a must have for games who like their games to have little to no luck and more strategy.

One of the best games ever
December 31, 2002

Puerto Rico is fantastic. Easy to learn, but the strategy is still there. I would much rather bring this game out then just about anything else in my collection. The game has good production values and has a nice eye candy factor. Everybody should own a copy of this wonderful game.

Surprisingly easy to explain for new players
December 12, 2002

Don't be scared off by this game being categorized as 'Advanced Strategy.' Despite the large amount of rules that this game has, (in my experience) it is actually quite easy to explain. The rules are very intuitive and fit very well with the theme.

Just demonstrate how to gain a victory point by shipping a good (i.e. demonstrate how to do this without the role-choosing mechanism), then repeat this demonstration, slowly adding more and more detail.

As for strategy, tell new players that there are basically only two ways to get victory points and two ways to get money. THEN tell them about the buildings.

Is it possible to get tired of this one?
December 11, 2002

I've played this game a dozen times, now. Each time it was a different game and each time called for a different strategy on my part. The more I play the more I want to play. I know a lot of people like me. I wonder if there will be a 'Puerto Rico Players Annonymous' some time in the future?

Fun to the point of addiction.
November 25, 2002

The most fun/interesting/frustrating thing about this game is that there's no magic bullet: no one strategy that will win it. There's a small amount of randomness generated by the game, but most of the variables are due to player choices. The game players soon start to incorporate politicking. Or just picking on whoever appears to be in the lead. We always want to play another game after finishing one. That's the sign of a great game!

Best Euro since the Euro!
November 07, 2002

The best thing I can say about this game that hasn't already been said is that the 'formula' for victory changes so radically from game to game that it defies a player to identify a slam-dunk winning strategy. Each players individual strategy directly affects everyone else at the table, so even though the mechanics never change, the situations in which to use them almost always do. This gives Puerto Rico a replay value far above most of its sibling Euro games. As much as I enjoy its predecessor Princes of Florence I'm afraid it will gather a lot of dust by comparison because of the higher degree of interaction among players. Every choice of roles affects not just your board, but your opponents as well. This gives it the edge over Princes, which is isolationist by comparison.

As it's getting to be gift-giving time you should definitely consider this gem for the serious gamer on your list. The strategies are too complicated, varied and subtle to recommend as a family game (Settlers or Carcassonne are better choices), but this is by far the best advanced strategy game I've seen in 2002.

Definitely deserving of the award.
November 04, 2002

After having played this game many times I've come to enjoy it even more. If you're looking for a game in which the mechanics are complex enough for a 'gamer' yet not mind numbingly so, all players are constantly involved, luck plays only a very small part, the successful strategies are many and varied, the backstabbing is veiled yet decisive, and most games end with even casual players wanting 'another go', then look no further than Puerto Rico.

Top Rio Game; On Par With Reiner!
November 01, 2002

Inspired by childhood fascinations with games of all types and sizes, I started collecting Rio Grande and other board games. I started inviting a group of friends from work to join me in game nights every couple months. The group of statisticians, physicists, quantitative analysts and programmers just love Reiner's games with their simple, mathematical beauty, but we have recently begun expanding into the new games in my collection such as Settlers of Catan and Lowenherz. Last week, the reviews online tempted me to buy a new copy of Puerto Rico.

We unwrapped it, and started counting the zillions of little chits with a little trepedation. The instructions were long, the details daunting. I had printed helper sheets from online sites that proved to be of some assistance in clarifying and simplifying the structure of the game. After 45 minutes of reading, discussing, and setting up pieces, we began a five person game.

What a gem!

I just cannot say enough about this game. Even with only one playing (and, believe me, there are many more to come), we were all hooked. The initially daunting instructions are just a little too detailed in their descriptions. The game is actually pretty easy to learn, so don't be turned off by the initial investment.

The balancing of resources, subtle pressure to get other players to accept certain roles during their turn, bribery in the extra value of roles on certain turns due to the gold associated with them, dynamics of picking a strategy that most assists yourself without providing similar marginal assistance to others -- so many things to think about and hypothesize about and consider. A rich range of interesting options. I expect future games with substantively different outcomes and winning strategies.

It was all around very impressive, captivating, and enjoyable. A clear competitor to Reiner's games, as well as most others that come to mind from my collection. In fact, I would put it at or near the top of my list right now:

1) Puerto Rico

2) Settlers of Catan

3) Through the Desert

4) Lowenherz

5) Carcassone

6) Lord of the Rings (with expansion)

7) Modern Art

Try them all -- you will love them. But try Puerto Rico if you haven't already. Sure to be a classic and sure to win more awards. Happy gaming!

by Wendy
One play is all you need...
September 21, 2002

Puerto Rico is a great game. One of the best to come along in a while.

Having only played once, it takes a full game to comprehend the rules but by the end of the game you've become aware of the many decisions needed for success.

The game has all the right ingredients to keep it at the top of many gaming groups, as it rewards a variety of strategies and depending on who your opponents are, strategies will vary from game to game.

There is a good balance of elements I like... multi-player action, several tough choices, a bit of luck but mostly the seduction... to keep you playing again and again.

Lots of good stuff going on here and I'm looking forward to several more games.

It's a real winner.

Amazing, Dynamic Game
September 08, 2002

Much has been said in all the reviews before, but this has been the game that in the past two years, I've been most excited about, such to the point that it's always a matter of convincing people to play one more game right after. It is constantly forcing players to make interesting decisions, and avoids the multi-player solitaire feeling of Princes of Florence almost entirely. Well done all around.

The best board game I've ever played... period.
August 28, 2002

As soon as you finish reading this review, seriously, go out and buy this game.

I haven't played too many 'german-style' type board games (hey, I haven't even played Settlers yet!), but so far this far surpasses any other game I have ever played. Some say the player interaction isn't as present as it should be... well, I haven't experienced that problem yet, and the interaction involved is quite strategic, as your choice of role may not only help you, but screw over one of your opponents.

Minimal luck is involved in this game, and I absolutely hate games based on luck.

The bits are good, however, they are quite easy to lose, especially the colonists.

Other than that, gameplay is fantastic and it actually gives you a sense of accomplishment when you see your flexible plan work and win the game for you.

Princes was great. Puerto Rico is far beyond great.


A great strategy game with few peers.
August 22, 2002

I find myself concurring with Randall Peek's review ver batim (below). He has expertly captured the essence and value of this marvelous game.

To his review, I would merely add that after 5 playings, I find I am still challenged to develop a winning strategy. As Randall noted, this game is about resource management, and in this realm, it has few peers when it comes to strategy and enjoyment. Players must strike a fine balance in his/her resource management to win, and maintain it throughout the game despite challenges each turn from the opponents. Rarely does a game pose to its players difficult decisions each and every turn, with each decision impacting on the decisions and fortunes of every player.

Puerto Rico is both extremely challenging and fun. The serious gamer's collection is incomplete without it.

A really active game ...
August 21, 2002


We've bought this game in his original version (German) and received a little translation sheet in our language (french, i'm living in brussels / belgium). Wooow, rules were terrible when you've decided to play the first time. It took more than 3 hours, because at each tour we had to re-read the rules and compare them with the colored and pictures german booklet.

This game is really exciting, no dead time, every player are always playing, that's great.

Of course, i've now found a beautifull PDF file with the full french translation. Now everything is perfect, and we're really enjoying this game.

Buy it, it worth a play !

Always engaging, even when it's not your turn
August 20, 2002

This is the closest I've come to the perfect game. The fact that everyone does the same action on everyone's turn keeps all engaged in the game. There are no huge lapses like in other games as you wait until your turn is up again.

It also has depth in that several different strategies can be used to win, and the best strategy often changes as you try to fill niches that your oppenent aren't. There is the shipping strategy, the building strategy, the rabbit sprint and force end game strategy, or a combination of these.

If you like the game too, add a rating. I'd love to see this one at the top of the ratings list.

Turn on the style
August 15, 2002

This is a exceptionally good game in the style of princes of Florence and Handler von Genua.

anybody who enjoyed these games will love Puerto Rico.

Lots of different tactics work to win.

There is a facinating play in the timing of the differnt roles.

Me and my friends love it.

My advice invest.

Then play and play again.

Complex and challenging
July 28, 2002

Make sure that you count all the pieces BEFORE you play the game. Even the colonists!

Putting away the pieces after the second game, I counted everything and found our set had 108 colonists.

This meant that we played one extra round before exhausting the colonists and that extra round decided the game in favor of a player who would not have won otherwise.

Even plays well with 2
July 24, 2002

What a great game! The amount of directions you can go in this game seem staggering. The downtime is minimal (if any). Trying to figure out which role to pick (and when to pick it) in order to maximize your return while minimizing your opponents is probably the main focus of this game. Don't let anyone tell you that there is no player interaction. When I choose the 'Captain' and 3 other players groan because they know they can't ship or store their goods, then I call that interaction! This is NOT 5 player solitare. Puerto Rico also plays well with 2 players. Head on over to for a 2 player summary. But before you do that...BUY PUERTO RICO RIGHT NOW!

How does it taste Steve?
July 15, 2002

Steve Zamborsky from Berea,

Ohio said: 'If this doesn't win the 2002 Spiel des Jahres...

...then I'll eat my copy of Puerto Rico. Little wooden colonists and all (a little A1 sauce, and you can eat a lot of things you never thought you could).'

Anyway, I finally got round to playing Bloody Peurto Rico last night. Guess who got the job of counting out the 100 victory points? And guess who got the job of counting out the 75 little settlers. And guess who got the job of arranging all the goods at the bottom of the board. Grrrrrr, bloody Peurto Rico... so many bits, so much preparation! 'This better be good!' I thought.

And then, I get screwed over royally all through the game. Everyone picking on me, making my goods spoil, making sure I can't sell anything... mutter, mutter, grumble stamp. Bloody Puerto Rico! What's all fuss about?

But despite all that, I think this game is a winner. I want to design a coin counter style settler counter so you can tip all the settlers in a hopper at the top and type in 75 (or how ever many you want) and push a button and it counts them out for you. That would improve sessions of Bloody Puerto Rico immensely ! :o)

Great depth, great balance, nice bits, excellent scope for being a bastard to your fellow players... lots of interaction, little downtime. All good. I can't wait to play Bloody Peurto Rico again actually!

For serious gamers only
July 09, 2002

I was originally not as impressed as I expected because the game was rather complicated (lot's of little things to keep track of, many buildings to learn, and special rules for many occurances). I also thought that winning and losing was often determined by the randomness of the phase orders that other's chose. One game I got 73 points simply because everyone chose the exact phase I would have wanted them to choose. As our gaming group began to understand the subtleties better, the game started to seem less random. I am now thouroughly captivated by the game. Even so, do not EVER try to teach this game to non-gamers!

Impeccable game design.
July 07, 2002

Puerto Rico raises the bar for the ideal gaming experience in my opinion. I bought a copy after playing it the first time at ORIGINS 2002.

After only three games, it seems that the strategy depth has barely been scratched. As mentioned, long-term strategy may be futile as the economic environment is constantly changing. Being flexible, and being able to adjust your tactics will pay off.

There is more competition than in Princes of Florence, but the fun sense of creating your own empire is still there. Any game like this which is enjoyable to play even if you don't finish on top gets high marks from me. The competition is relatively gentle- it is more jockeying for position and taking advantage of opportunities than it is outright destruction of what your opponent has built.

I also felt like two of the games I played ended too early, just as my infrastructure was being completed. But in both of those games, one or more players had both a Hacienda and a Hospice in play, and we were placing a colonist on the extra plantation as it was taken. A subsequent reading of the rules revealed that the extra plantation does NOT get a colonist with it under these conditions. If we had played it right, the slower colonist drain rate would have allowed the game to continue for a couple more rounds at least.

There seems to be a myriad of potential paths to victory, so the replay value should be very high. What am I doing writing this? I could be playing Puerto Rico!

If this doesn't win the 2002 Spiel des Jahres...
June 17, 2002

...then I'll eat my copy of Puerto Rico. Little wooden colonists and all (a little A1 sauce, and you can eat a lot of things you never thought you could).

This game is outstanding; make no mistake about it. I thought that you would be hard pressed to find a board game that would not only rival, but surpass Princes of Florence for replayability, theme and game design. Well, here it is, folks. I certainly won't go on and on about the clever mechanisms and flawless gameplay; it's all been done before. Just purchase a copy and see for yourself. You won't lose. Trust me.

Just adding to the praise...
June 16, 2002

Puerto Rico is, indeed, a wonderful gaming experience. Rather than rehash a lot of what has been said, I will simply point to a few major points as to why this game is a big favorite of ours...

1. The level of player interaction is wonderful. Sure, it sets up looking like a candidate for the dreaded 'multi-player solitaire' label, but, in actuality you are in constant conflict with your opponents over a variety of issues:

- the choices of the roles

- picking your plantation tiles

- the limited number of the buildings

- the loading of the ships

All of this combines to make you feel like you are very much in competition with other settlers.

2. The lack of downtime is unparalled in similar, turn-based games. Like another one of my absolute favorites, Traders of Genoa, all the players have plenty to do not only on their turn, but also on each other players turn. There is rarely a break of more than fifteen seconds or so where you have nothing to do. This is especially excellent when compared to games like Tikal, Settlers of Catan, or Princes of Florence (all good games) where it can seem like quite a while between turns.

3. The strategy is ever changing. You must adapt in this game if you wish to win. Often your favorite strategies will become unavailable making you find new ways to gain those precious victory points.

All that said, I do have one complaint that I was wondering if anyone else had run into. That is that in the game (the 3 player variant especially) it seems that there are not quite enough colonists...thus, running out of them in the mayor phase seems to end almost all the games. Occasionally, this ending seems rather abrupt as it does not allow for the game to really have a 'complete' feeling. My group has actually begun playing 73 rather than the suggested 58 colonists in a 3 player game...and upping the four player game by 15 colonists as well. I'll readily admit that this whole complication could be specific to my group (perhaps we too often select the mayor), but we were having a few too many games where one person would get a lead and then just exploit the mayor option to end the game quickly.

Anyway, that is a rather small complaint for this rather grand game. I recommend it wholeheartedly.

Game of the Year for me!
June 04, 2002

Puerto Rico is by far the best game I have played this year. After playing it the first time I'd ordered it within the week. Whilst it does have a number of mechanisms taken from other games the game balance is quite simply superb, with no one strategy seeming to be predominant.

The Key to winning Puerto Rico as far as I am concerned is to evolve your strategy throughout the game. To those who say there isn't enough interaction and worrying about what you can do to others by choosing roles in addition to what can be done to you needs to play the game some more.

For example, I had the round from hell in the last game I played which probably cost me the game. There was no room in any ship to ship my commodities, so I lost all but one, Both buildings which I was going to pick got taken that round during the builder phase, and then the trading house got filled up preventing me from selling. Boom a possible win went down to last.

Thoroughly enjoyable.

My top game of 2002, so far
May 27, 2002

I saw the pre-publication Puerto Rico from a distance at Essen last year, but never got a chance to play. Since it hit the shops I have remedied that failure again, and again, and again. If the mark of an outstanding game is that it gets repeated play, then Puerto Rico hits the spot.

Why is that? Puerto Rico has the fascination of other 'growth curve' games like Outpost or Settlers, where the challenge is solving the puzzle of maximising your position, and doing faster than the rest, but with some subtle interactions that lift it above the rest.

The prime driver is the selection of 'jobs' by each player in turn that continuously reworks the sequence of play. Need more 'colonists'? Then take the mayor, and eveybody gets some, but you get more than the rest. On the other hand, do others need colonists more badly than you do? Why not let it wait for bit, and take some income instead?

The buildings you construct determine your strategy, allowing the cultivation of different crops, various game advantages and also scoring victory points, so the ideal is to pursue a different course from the players to your right, who will usually be doing their thing before you do yours. On the other hand, everyone hates to lose a building opportunity, and there is a strong incentive to buy the best thing you can afford, even if it skews your long term strategy.

There have been suggestions that no long-term strategising is required. I would rather say that you need to balance long term and short term requirements. A spot of delayed gratification is good for the score, but don't overdo it.

by Tarot
A great, strategic game
May 25, 2002

I've played this game over 20 times, and every time it is very good (except that if there are some very slow players who take forever to make a play, the game feels less good but still good).

I do win my fair share of the games, but that alone is not what makes me love this game so much. I really love a game if, when I lose, I always know where it went wrong and what I did wrong. Sometimes a player doesn't do anything particularly wrong and is outperformed by the winner by a few points, but if one loses by a larger margin, it is always due to a clear mistake: the number one cause is mis-spent money (spending money on a building which ends up being useless), but there are also others such as a mis-chosen role (taking the craftsman and letting the other players get more points than oneself) or plantation. Because of the multi-player dynamics, it is not always easy to look a few turns ahead, but after those few turns, one's mistake becomes painfully obvious as his building is sitting there unused.

The game is true to its theme and has innovative mechanisms (or rather, an innovative and functional blending of familiar mechanisms, some may say) which is fun to play. Highly recommended.

This Gamer Can't Ask for More!
May 14, 2002

This gamer can't ask for more than what Puerto Rico delivers! This game has the players procuring and maintaining plantations and factories. To garner the goods that translate into victory points, one must hire enough colonists and earn enough gold to sustain the facilities that produce them.

The mechanism that sets this game apart is the alternating roles that the players can choose. Each role has a particular skill necessary for good production--each role is crucial. The challenge is the choice of which role to take at what time.

The game scores high in interaction, challenge, theme, and quality bits. The only disadvantage I see is a slightly steep learning curve. However, once you have played it once, you should be ready to jump in on the next game. And if you're like me, you can't wait to.

by Jake
A delightful balancing act.
May 13, 2002

I have not played Princes of Florence. I have not played Traders of Genoa either. And I probably wont play either of these two games or Citadels because Im too attached to Puerto Rico. If it were the first of these games, Puerto Rico would be hailed as a visionary breakthrough. But it came after all of them so we think we know the territory; people comment on similarities to the aforementioned games, the familiarity of certain mechanisms, etc. How quickly we grow accustomed to wonders.

The major strength of Puerto Rico is its impeccable balance. Seyfarth has accomplished this in the subtlest ways. For example, requiring the colonist ship to be filled with the minimum number of colonists plus one colonist for every vacant building position vastly improves the appeal of choosing the Mayor in the next round. And because money is disturbingly scarce in this game, adding a doubloon to each unchosen character ensures variation in future character selections. I am most impressed with the value of the large purple buildings at games end. Each is scored in an entirely different way and has the potential to amount to a high number of points, yet will only do so for a specific players island.

Player interaction is below average, which is neither good nor bad just something to note. What is unique in this game is that in the stillness of the moment, everyone is always involved. And I go on record to say the deepest, most intelligent games dont require player interaction. I quite enjoy the internal thinking. What is more prominent in the game is how the players actions interact. This creates a new look and feel to every game. It also prevents the development of one surefire strategy. In fact, victory isnt luck-based at all it is the result of difficult decision-making, a vigilant watch of other peoples moves and reading their strategies, and an intuitive sense of timing. It doesnt feel like solitaire to me at all, as one person described. To me, it is like a four-player chess match (I insist that four players is the perfect number for any game because of balance) in which all the pieces are in plain view, yet one person has figured out how to win then we realize everyone has figured out their own strategy and the strategies thwart each other. The one with the most contingency plans will inevitably win.

I have owned this game since its release in English and I refrained from reviewing it until I could completely understand and experience it. I am thoroughly pleased with this game the intelligent design, the quality of components, the theme are all to be praised. Even if it doesnt suit your personality (I believe good games dont always bode well with different peoples personalities), Puerto Rico should be recognized for elevating a standard we expect for all of the games we invest our time and money in.

A fantasic game
May 11, 2002

This is the best game that I've played in a long time. It takes a little while to explain the rules to new players but the game is not difficult to grasp. The most important concept to explain to new players is that they have to consider how others will benefit from the role that they choose.

It appears that the last reviewer (and somehow his entire group) completely missed the boat. He asks three questions and then preceeds to give Puerto Rico lows scores on all of them. I would give PR med-high scores on all three counts. If you think that this is a game where your actions do not affect somebody else, sometimes with paralyzing results, then you don't 'get it'. If you play this game as if it were multiplayer solitaire with the group that I play with then you'll consistantly lose by 15 or more victory points.

Interesting: Chaos via indirect player interaction...
May 11, 2002

I finally got to play this game. An interesting aspect of this game I found was the unpredictability of it, although the random elements were minor. And yes, there IS player interaction, but it is more along the lines of players affecting the turn order and what everyone can do by what they do. The end result is a game that is subtle, but where players can have a major impact on what everyone else is doing, just in an indirect way. The interaction also ends up being complex in its nature, to the extend where it feels random, but isn't.

This is definitely worth trying at least once.

Multi-player solitaire
May 09, 2002

I continue to be in the minority wrt Puerto Rico.

I find the interaction and strategic element very low.

For me a game feels short on interaction when my decisions are pre-dominantly driven by playing the game system almost to the exclusion of other factors such as:

- Do my actions adversely affect somebody else

- Do somebody else's actions adversely affect me

- Is everybody else spending my turn trying to influence my decisions because they believe that my actions can/will affect them

PR scores low on all these. Not as low as say Lift Off. But lower than 18xx, E&T, Daytona 500 etc.

As for strategic depth, well it just isn't there. Like many German games it is incrediably tactical. You don't have grand plans you make the best you can of each turn with little regard for the future.

Three of my fellow players thought likewise. The rest of the world doesn't. C'est la vie.

Would I play again if asked? Reluctantly - I'd be bored for most of the next 90 minutes.

May 08, 2002

I've only played this game once, and already I can tell that it is a classic. It has the 'pick a role each turn' mechanic from Citadels/Verrater, which I love. However, Puerto Rico is even deeper than those games, because there are more things to keep track of.

Adding one coin to the unused roles each turn is a simple but brilliant idea. It is now impossible for a role to sit unused for long.

The only downside to the game is that I can't play it over my lunch hour. The one game I played took about 90 minutes. Of course, I've got Carcassonne, Ra, and Citadels for lunchtime...

by Brett
The Night the Lights went out in Puerto Rico
May 08, 2002

I will give my review of Puerto Rico by providing a report of last night's playing of this game:

Joe, Art and Dan arrived at my house last night shortly after 8:00. We started playing Puerto Rico and probably were about 30 minutes into it when the power went out (due to severe thunderstorms we are having here in the Midwest).

Despite being submerged in total darkness in my basement, we never once considered not continuing the game. 'Hey! This is Game Night! Come hell or high water, we're going to keep playing!'

So we placed candles at the four corners of the table and went on with our business. Joe Clementi proved to be a quick study as he expertly gained goods and was able to keep all of them after the Captain Phase with his large warehouse. Joe also took advantage of his hospice by always having colonists in his plantations and buildings.

Dan and Art seemed to struggle with production from the outset. Once again, Dan pointed out the advantage that the players who start with a Corn Plantation have. However, Dan and Art were hording quarries with their construction huts. Dan also had a hacienda which made his Settler Phase extremely valuable.

No big buildings were ever bought, as money always seemed to be in short supply. In fact, I was only able to garner 7 victory points out of my buildings, while the other three guys tallied at least 14 points a piece in their cities.

However, a couple of healthy Captain Phases was all I needed to claim the victory, though Joe made a huge run at the end that almost clipped me.

The Final Scores were:

Brett 36

Joe 35

Dan 26

Art 25

Puerto Rico by candlelight was fun.

I have now played this game with 3, 4 and 5 players. It plays well (though differently) in all three variations. The more people who play, the greater the challenge, in my opinion. Buildings are more scarce, the Captain Phase is more cutthroat, and there are fewer 'good' roles to take when it is your turn when there are 5 players. But regardless, this is an outstanding game.

Anyone who tries to compare this game to another is crazy. There is no game like this one. The only one that I think might come close would be Traders of Genoa, since all players have an opportunity to benefit from other people's turns. So you have constant dilemma 'Will this help me more than everyone else?' Often times, it is not that apparent.

by Dave
One of the Best Ever
May 02, 2002

Folks, it's a great time to be a gamer. I mean seriously - we've got it made. The quality and variety of excellent games these days is almost mind boggling. And they keep getting better. Here I was content to have a nice evening with friends and a good session of Tikal, Settlers, or Traders of Genoa, etc....

...Enter Puerto Rico....

For any of you who've read any of my reviews, you know that I'm a stickler for good looking game components. Puerto Rico has that and then some. The component design, artwork, and layout are all the best I've seen. In fact, interactive use of game components, from planting your crops to creating your City to manning your fields and buildings to loading up the cargo ships with your goods creates an atmosphere that directly connects you with the game play.

The mechanic is unique, but reminded me of Princes of Florence and Traders of Genoa (which is a good thing, as far as I'm concerned). There is little down time, and each player is faced with a wide variety of options each turn.

There is very little luck in Puerto Rico. The game is heavy on strategy, but doesn't leave you so mentally spent as an evening playing Tikal.

My only criticism about the game are the rules - there are a few missprints between the rules and the board that are rather annoying, and there are a few sections of the rules that are vague. But with a little effort these issues are quickly sorted out.

This is a must-have for any game collection.

Resource Management 202
April 21, 2002

'Puerto Rico,' as of this writing, is the new kid on the block for deep strategy games. It is the newest entry in the much-heralded Alea line of 'games for gamers.' If the early buzz and my own experience with the game are any indication, then it is a worthy entry into this company.

At its heart, Puerto Rico is a business game, with players contending with each other for various limited resources and producing goods for shares of a limited pool of victory points. On its surface, it is a game with similarities to some of the most celebrated games of recent vintage. The combination of business core game and trendy game mechanics results in a very satisfying game experience.

As mentioned in other reviews, there are some consmetic similarities to Princes of Florence, with each player individually maintaining a map of their properties. This game has less of a puzzle quality, though, as the placement of the buildings is of little concern. PoF is a more sedate, intellectual experience than Puerto Rico, which can be quite raucous as players contend for a very limited supply of buildings, colonists, victory points, and cash.

The game also bears some similarities to Traders of Genoa, in that each player has the opportunity to benefit from every player's turn. ToG allows players to make deals with the active player and take actions out of turn. In this game, players will usually benefit from whatever choice is taken by the active player, although the active player will have the greatest benefit.

The greatest similarity between this and other games is to Citadels, in that each player takes a role from a set of available roles and taking the associated action. In Citadels the selections are secret until revealed, and lots of the fun of the game is anticipating which player will choose which role. In Puerto Rico the emphasis is more on acquiring the right role at the right time, since the phases of the game are tied to the various roles, and roles will vary greatly in value depending on a player's current game situation.

While Puerto Rico is a deep game and not for the casual player, I still feel compelled to give it five stars since it is such a sterling game design. This is one of the best and deepest of the heavy strategy games on the market, and well worth the investment to learn and play. Highly recommended.

This will be the 2002 Game of the Year
April 19, 2002

I played several games of Puerto Rico yesterday with the number of players varying from 3-5 and found it works well with any number.

With 3 players it is a more strategic game that requires more precise play. With 4 players things happen more quickly and one finds it harder to be ready for the various phases. With 5 players it seems to be a chaotic land grab that almost defies any kind of planning. However you can influence the game greatly by your pick and it forces the other players to modify their choices .

This game has so many small interacting things happening that it will play different every time. We felt that by acquiring Construction Huts and quarrys early on it allowed one the ability to purchase Wharfs. A Wharf is basically your own ship which allows you to ship a single type of good each Captains Phase. This can be quite helpful when the three ships are either full or half loaded with items you don't have preventing you from shipping your goods. One of the problems with this strategy is that it leaves you short of money. Everything has a price in Puerto Rico.

I have played most of the new releases coming across the pond from Europe and this one stands head and shoulders above the others in the past 6 months. Unless something spectacular comes rolling down the pipe this would be my pick for the 2002 Game of the Year.

This is my new favorite game.
April 17, 2002

I'm a huge fan of the Alea big box series, so I was expecting great things from Puerto Rico. Even so I was suprised at how much fun it turned out to be! It's similar to Princes Of Florence and Traders Of Genoa in some ways. Gameplay is comprised of a lot of small loosely related decisions. Also, of the many different pieces, chits, tokens, markers, and counters, ALL of them are quite handy. However, in both of those other games, player interaction is mostly limited to dickering over who gets what resources. Puerto Rico presents a greater depth of player interaction, since choosing a role allows everyone to take the associated action. Thus, poor decisions can help others far more than they help yourself, but a wise player can anticipate opponent's responses, and choose roles accordingly.

Even Better than Princes of Florence
April 11, 2002

Princes of Florence is good, but Puerto Rico is even better.

1. There are no auctions. Players, in turn, pick one of n+3 options (n== number of players). Much faster than auctioning. 1st player rotates each round, so you can try and set yourself up to be in the right position for the turn where you get first choice.

2. Unchosen options get cash added to them each time they are unused, so 'poor' options are eventually balanced with the good ones.

3. Victory points are hidden, and the game is usually close enough that you're not sure who is ahead.

4. The game doesn't end at a predetermined time, so you can't usually do a suicidal-if-it-wasn't-the-last turn move.

5. While Princes of Florence can vary greatly depending on numbers of players, this game seems to scale well (haven't played it enough to make this a definitive claim).

Multi-optioned brilliant strategic game
April 04, 2002

Puerto Rico is the brainchild of Andreas Seyfarth who has already produce many notable games, such as Manhattan and Waldmeister.

The game theme covers the development of plantations on land, different types of building and then the sale of the products back to Europe. Each player has an area of land to grow crops such as corn, indigo and coffee and a separate area to place buildings. In this way it is similar to the excellent Princes of Florence (also by Alea/Rio Grande).

But the main system in the game is the use of roles that each player can choose. You see, there are more roles to play than players, so you have to select the one that feels best for you. Will you be the mayor? He attracts colonists to work in the buildings and plantations. Will you be the builder who gets can apply his skill to create buildings more cheaply? Or the captain, who allows the players to sell the goods that the craftsman has produced to the ships waiting to sail for Europe? There are more roles that provide challenges along the way.

The answer depends on the current state of your development. If you already have more goods stacked on the wharf awaiting despatch that your opponents, then you'll choose the captain. But each role can only be selected once each round, so you may have to select a role that is less ideal for you. Either way the choices are interesting and provoke a great deal of thought.

The game ends in a variety of ways - no more colonists available, no more victory point markers (which means that there has been plenty of trading with Europe) or when one player has filled all the land plots with buildings.

Just when you think you've worked out a good strategy, another player selects a role that you wanted or the building you would have liked and you have to re-consider what to do.

Although you are developing your own area, you have to monitor what everybody else is doing to see how you can gain an advantage over them. What an absorbing game! I predict it will be one of the major hits of 2002. I have played the game now 5 times in quick succession and each game has been different and compulsive playing.

Highly recommended.

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